5 billion people around the world forced to live in ‘modern slavery’, ILO report reveals

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Geneva, September 13 (SO News / Agency) The Geneva-based International Labor Organization (ILO) has said in its latest report that in 2021, 5 billion people are living in modern slavery. According to the latest report of the United Nations agency, ‘Global Estimates of Modern Slavery’, 208 million of them are living in forced labor and 202 million are trapped in forced marriage.

The number of people living in modern slavery has increased significantly over the past five years. More than one million people are in modern slavery in 2021, compared to the 2016 global estimate. The report said that women and children remain disproportionately unprotected.

Modern slavery exists in almost every country in the world and transcends ethnic, cultural and religious lines. More than half (52 percent) are bonded laborers and a quarter of those trapped in forced marriage are found in upper-middle-income or high-income countries. Most cases of forced labor (86 percent) are found in the private sector.

Forced labor in sectors other than commercial sexual exploitation accounts for 63 percent of all bonded labor, while forced commercial sexual exploitation represents 23 percent of all bonded labor, according to the report. About four out of five women or girls are forced into commercial sexual exploitation.

The number of bonded labor employed by the state government in forced labor is 14 percent. About 8 out of 8 bonded laborers (33 lakh) are children. More than half of them are involved in commercial sexual exploitation. The report states that an estimated 2.2 crore people are trapped in forced marriage. Their number has increased by 6.6 million globally between 2016-2021. ILO Director-General Guy Ryder said: “It is shocking that the situation of modern slavery is not improving. No one can justify the misuse of this fundamental right of human rights.

“This report marks the urgency to ensure that all housing is safe, orderly and sustainable,” said IOM Director-General Antonio Vittorino. Reducing migrant forced labor and human trafficking is of the highest priority and importance according to national policy and law. Structures that respect and protect the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all migrants and potential migrants at all stages of the migration process, regardless of their residence status.

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